Know the Borneo Earth

Kalimantan is a well-known term pinned to the world’s third largest island. Located in the north of Java Island, Indonesia, right at the geography center of Southeast Asia’s Maritime. Currently, the island is divided into three countries, Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia and Malaysia. Approximately 73% of the island’s territory into the territory of Indonesia. While the territory of Malaysia, namely Sabah and Sarawak which is located in the north of this island covers 26%. Then the territory of Brunei Darussalam which is also located on the north coast only controlled 1%.

The island’s total reaches 743,330 square kilometers with the highest point located at the peak of Mount Kinabalu (4,095 m), Sabah, Malaysia. The island also has a Kapuas river in West Kalimantan with a length of 1,143 kilometers (the longest in Indonesia). The other main river is Mahakam in East Kalimantan with a length of 980 kilometers, Barito in South Kalimantan with a length of 880 kilometers and Rajang in Sarawak with a length of 563 kilometers.

And yet, having a look at will bring you more information and new ways of seeing the world.

The island’s territory is dominated by tropical rainforests of about 130 million years old, making it the world’s oldest rainforest. Habitat for approximately 15 thousand plant species, 221 species of terrestrial mammals, and 420 bird species, 440 species of freshwater fish. It makes it a center for the evolution of endemic species of plants and animals. Some known endemic animals include Orang Utan and Bekantan,

The Origin of Borneo and Borneo Terms

In addition to the name Borneo, famous also the term ‘Borneo’ as another name of the island with the predicate ‘Lung-Worlds’ it. However, do you know the origin and meaning of the term Borneo? And since when is the term used? Sinar Borneo will help you trace the origin and meaning of the Borneo term from various sources.

Is a European popularization of the word ‘Borneo’ because of the discovery of many trees Borneol  (Dryobalanops Camphora) . The tree contains  terpetin , the basic ingredients to make antiseptic and perfume and camphor or known as Kamper Wood. So since the 15th century, or the beginning of the arrival of the Europeans to the archipelago, the term Borneol then ‘worldwide’ for being one of the natural resources that became their target.

The name of this island is synonymous with the name of Brunei Kingdom  at that time (Especially by Arab traders, Europeans and Chinese) because the Kingdom of Brunei at that time was the largest kingdom on this island, so traders from all over the world who will visit this island first anchored in the Kingdom of Brunei  located in the northern part of the island of Borneo. Entering the British and Dutch colonial period in the archipelago in the early 16th century, the kingdom is increasingly recognized by the Europeans. However, because of the difficulty of the Europeans, Brunei said, they used to sound it with “Borneo”.

In terms of etymology, the term Kalimantan derives from the name  kelamantan, a kind of sago fruit consumed by some residents, especially those who reside in the north of this island. According to C. Hose in his record entitled  Natural Man, a Record from Borneo  (1926), Klemantan is a new name used by the Malay people. Meanwhile, according to Slamet Mulyana, Klemantan said is   not derived from the original Malay, but from Sanskrit,  Kalamanthana  is an island whose air is very hot or burning ( kal [a] : season, time and  manthan [a] : burn). Therefore vocals  on  stage  and  Hin   hard to pronounce people living at that time, then Kalamanthana  diucap Kalmantan  then called the indigenous  Klemantan  or  Quallamontan  until finally became Kalimantan. Residents of the eastern island called Pulu K’lemantan, the Italians knew him  Calemantan . If judging from the Java language, the name Kalimantan can mean “River Diamond”.

Other Terms

Throughout history, Borneo is also known by different names. Singasari Kingdom for example, call it “Bakulapura” which is located in the southwest of Borneo. Bakula in Sanskrit means tanjung tree ( mismusops alengi ) so that Bakulapura gets the name of Malay to “Tanjungpura” which means land / island of cape tree. While the Majapahit Empire in the Negarakertagama manuscript written in 1356 calls it “Tanjungnagara” whose territory includes the Philippines such as Saludung (Manila) and the Sulu Islands.

Hikayat Banjar an ancient chronicle from South Kalimantan whose last chapter was written in 1663 called Borneo Island with the name Malay the island of “Hujung Tanah”. This name appears based on the geomorphological form of the area of South Kalimantan in ancient times which is similar to a peninsula and formed from a row of Meratus Mountains that jutted into the Java sea. The condition is identical with the shape of the tip of the Malacca Peninsula, namely Johor State which is often called “Ujung Tanah” in Ancient Malay texts. Hujung Peninsula This land is in contradiction with the Majapahit region in East Java so that later got the name Tanjungnagara, namely the island is a form of headland / peninsula.

In addition, the term “Nusa Kencana” is the name of the island of Borneo in ancient Javanese manuscripts such as about  Prabu Jayabaya prediction  in the final period of  Majapahit  regarding Java will be controlled by the Japanese who came from the direction of Nusa Kencana designation for the area which is now a province  of South Kalimantan , because it was proven before crossing to Java, the Japanese army first controlled the capital of Borneo at that time that is Banjarmasin. Nusa Kencana is often also described as Tanah Sabrang as the embodiment of the primitive Alengka Land where the giants reside across the Java Land. In Tanah Sabrang there is a Dayak Land mentioned in Serat Maha Parwa.

Other names include: “Banjar Island”, Raden Paku, a member of Walisanga reported to have spread Islam to Banjar Island, as well as by Gowa, Selaparang (Lombok), Sumbawa and Bima because these kingdoms have bilateral relations with The Sultanate of Banjar; “Great Java” from Marcopolo explorers from Italy or in Arabic; and “Jaba Daje” meaning “Java in the North (from the island of Madura) the Maduranese term for the new Borneo island in the 20th century.

The island of Borneo is in the midst of Southeast Asia because it is the island gets much cultural and political influence from the surrounding islands. Around the year 400 AD the island of Borneo has entered historical times with Yupa inscriptions found relics of the Kingdom of Kutai but the development of civilization progress is relatively slower than other islands due to geographical and population constraints are few.


Dayak tribe

 This Is Article About Dayak Dayak   Dayak is the name of a native of Borneo Island that currently still lives in the interior of Borneo. Dayak tribes have maritime or maritime culture because their names have many meanings and are related to rivers (because of the many rivers found in the interior of Borneo). The meaning of the word ‘dayak’ itself is debatable.

Dayak is the name of a native of Borneo Island who currently still live in the interior of Borneo. Indigenous Dayak tribes have maritime or maritime culture because their names have many meanings and are related to rivers (because of the many rivers found in the interior of Borneo).

The meaning of the word ‘dayak’ itself is debatable. ‘Dayak’ means man, while many others claim that the word means inland. That the Iban people use the term Dayak with the human meaning, while the Tunjung and Benuaq people interpret it as a river upstream.

There are many Dayak tribes in Kalimantan, some of which divide the Dayaks into six clumps, namely clumps of Klemantan alias Kalimantan, Iban clumps, Apokayan clumps of Dayak Kayan, Kenyah and Bahau, Murut clumps, Ot Danum-Ngaju clumps and Punan clumps.

The most tribe is the Dayak Kenyah tribe who have accessories as their body jewelry  . Generally Dayak tribe has jewelry in the form of beads made of natural stone.

Formerly these stones were formed by hand and without the aid of the machine, so the color is dull when compared with the modern factory-made beads. In addition, there are also differences in weight on the rocks and the beads. If you want to prove that the beads are original from the Dayak tribe or not, then it should be tested by burning it.

Generally, Dayak people, especially Dayak men do not know other stone accessories other than beaded jewelry. Commonly used accessories are those from their hunting animals, such as canines and bear teeth, pig fangs. If in Papua fangs pigs made into jewelry inserted in the nose, the Dayak tribe, the fangs are made into the “fruit” of their necklaces.

In addition, the unique characteristics of other Dayak tribes are tattoos, where tattoos for Dayak people have a very deep meaning. Tattoos for the Dayak ethnic community are part of the tradition, religion, social status of a person in society, and can also be a form of tribal appreciation of one’s ability. Therefore, tattoos can not be made carelessly.

Therefore, the more tattoos, the “torch” will get brighter and the road to the realm of the more spaciousness. Nevertheless, tattoo making can not be made as much as possible indiscriminately, because it must comply with custom rules.

Both tattoos on men or women, traditionally made using long orange spines. Along with the development of the era then use several pieces of needles at once. What does not change is the material of tattooing that usually uses soot from a black pot.

To see the Dayak tribe we can see easily in Pampang Cultural Village in Samarinda and Capgomeh Cultural Festival in Singkawang. If you want to see live Dayak tribe can take 2-3 days trip down river in Kalimantan. Today there are many Dayak tribes who mingle with the community. May their indigenous culture stay awake.


Visit the Floating Market on the Barito River

It is  not yet legal to come to Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan if you have not visited the Barito River floating market. Traditional markets that may be the only one in the country that has become one of the mainstay attractions in the area.

Therefore, anyone who comes to Banjarmasin, always take the time to visit the floating market located in the Barito River that divides the city.

What is unique again, floating market is only there in the morning that start at 06.30 to 08.00 WITA. If it is past the hour, then it no longer exists.

The rare opportunity is also used by the contingents of various provinces who follow the National Sports Weekist (Porwanas) XI / 2013 in Banjarmasin, including athletes and official Aceh.

“I think this is a rare opportunity, therefore we take the time to look closely at the activity of buying and selling in this floating market,” said Rusli Ismail, one of Aceh contingent.

He states, the existence of this floating market is well known throughout Indonesia as one of the attractions, so it would be a loss if those who have come to Banjarmasin not take the time to simply shop while enjoying the calm of Barito River.

He said that sitting in a coffee shop is common and almost there in every region, but drinking coffee or tea while eating a piece of cake in the boat a different thing, because it can not be implemented every day.

Take a break and visit Casino francais online, i bet you, your way of seeing things will change. Nowadays, everyone is looking foward to be seeing is bank account increasing. So do not hesitate .

Named floating market, because it is a sale and purchase transactions conducted in boats that are small and medium. Items sold almost the same as the existing markets in the mainland. And generally the needs of everyday foods, such as fish, vegetables, and fruits.

In the floating market there are also traders who sell ready-to-eat foods, such as coffee, tea, cakes, rice for breakfast with various menus, such as soto banjar, fried fish, and satay.

To go to the floating market that entered the area of the village of Kuin Alalah, North Banjarmasin that visitors must come early to the port in the village of North Kuin or precisely in front of Masjid Sultan Suriansyah.

Lok Baintan floating market on the Martapura River in the morning. This market can be reached by kelotok from Banjarmasin with long journey about one hour. The market is located in Kecamatan Sungai Tabuk, Banjar, South Kalimantan.

For tourists who are Moslems, they usually perform the Subuh Prayer in the mosque whose building is made of ironwood. Just departed to the floating market by using a motorized boat with a passenger maximum of 10 people.

Sightseeing mainstay 

Floating market is one of the mainstay attractions in Banjarmasin because almost every day both domestic and foreign tourists always take time to come to the location.

Muslim, one of the ship owners said, almost every day an average of 100 tourists who come to the market floating.

Generally they really enjoy the trip because in addition to the floating market, tourists also enjoy the life of people who are along the river basin whose house is all made of wood.

The question of tourists, although made of wood, but the house is very sturdy and not rotten wood.

According to Muslim, the wood used for the house is ulin wood, so the longer the submergence will be stronger.

On the way in the Barito River visitors can also visit a place that is not less unique from the floating market itself, namely the Flower Island.

The island is in the middle of the Barito River is overgrown with trees typical of Borneo and inhabited a long tailed monkey herd and bekantan (mantle nose nose).

Arriving at the jetty of Pulau Kembang, visitors are immediately greeted by long-tailed monkeys who are usually after food. Looks like the herd of monkeys know the visitors carrying food, like bananas, so that the long tailed beast immediately gathered on the dock when there are guests who come.

However, of the many long-tailed monkeys, none of the monkeys are there.

A bekantan (Nasalis larvatus) perched on a limb in Bukut Island, a delta in the middle of the Barito River beneath the Barito bridge, Barito Kuala District, South Kalimantan on Saturday (05/26/2013). From the bridge or from klothok boat can be witnessed bekantan jumping from branch to branch.

According to Dian, the manager of the island, in this forest there are still between 20 to 30 heads of bekantan, but the swarm of monkey nose monkeys do not like out to the edge of the forest.

“The behavior of the proboscis is very different from that of a long-tailed monkey. Bekantan has a shy nature. So if many monkeys do not want to go out, “he said.

To enter the area of the island, visitors must pay, for domestic tourists only Rp 5,000 while foreign tourists Rp 25,000 per person.

Mansyursyah, one of the visitors said, should the local government should take care of this location, by adding adequate supporting facilities, so that tourists who come can enjoy it. “This is a regional asset that must be maintained,” he said


Jengkol Rich Nutrition

Archidendron jiringa aka jengkol is not a foreign item for the people of the land. Many liked and much hated, peanut relatives are always presented in various restaurants. Starting from a class of street vendors to flashy restaurants in the capital. Despite the unpleasant smell, most fans are reluctant to completely leave the favorite menu. Can be understood because after cooking, jengkol fruit seeds become soft and soft texture like jackfruit seeds.

In addition to typical flavor, jengkol seeds are also rich in nutrients. Research shows jengkol contains proteins, carbohydrates, various types of vitamins, calcium, and phosphorus. Even the content of vitamin C in every ounce of jengkol seeds ranged from 57-91 mg. Vitamin C oranges at best 50 mg / 100 ounces of fruit flesh. In addition to vitamin C, jengkol seeds also contain vitamin B complex and vitamin A. Both function to maintain the function of vision and blood circulation. Never be the same again as you were for the past years, try your luck by visiting and taking action on

However, excessive consumption also means inviting trouble. The content of jengkolat acid has the potential to trigger kidney stones. In addition, the urine of people who just consumed jengkol will smell very stinging. That’s why jengkol fans should increase drinking water. During urination it is advisable to flush to clean to minimize the unpleasant odor that menguar.


Rare Borneo fruit plants are cultivated in North Barito

North Barito Regency, Central Kalimantan, cultivates hundreds of typical Kalimantan fruits that are now beginning to be difficult to find.

“This year, around 500 seeds of rare fruits grown in this region’s forests to prevent extinction,” said Head of Agriculture, Fisheries and Barito Utara, Setia Budi, at Muara Teweh on Tuesday.

According to him, hundreds of fruits were developed in the central area of ​​horticultural nursery hortikulutra North Barito regency government, in the 7 kilometers State Road Muara Teweh-Puruk Cahu area of ​​6.5 Hectare.

Rare fruits that can only be found in the surrounding forest in the inland district of Central Kalimantan, including  tangkuhis  books ,  kapul, mangosteen, and  tangaring. 

“These fruits are developed using the grafting system, graft and seeds. The seedlings are given free of charge to residents along with manure,” he said.

Budi explained, these local fruits have been partially planted several years ago in this nursery area with a terracing system in the hilly area and this place became the center of agro.

In addition, the agro-tourism center is also developed empun-empun species such as lemongrass, ginger, laos and key findings and rare medicinal plants such as saluang not yet, pasak bumi and crown god.

Also other fruit trees, among them seedless salak, lowland kelengkeng, local cempedak, cempedak king (without seeds), avocado, mango, orange siam, duku palembang, and rapiutan rapiah and hundreds of durian from various types of both local varieties and national superior

“For durian we have local varieties of earth-driven type of patented into a national superior developed with the pattern of ukolasi,” he said.