Dayak is the name of a native of Borneo Island who currently still live in the interior of Borneo. Indigenous Dayak tribes have maritime or maritime culture because their names have many meanings and are related to rivers (because of the many rivers found in the interior of Borneo).
The meaning of the word ‘dayak’ itself is debatable. ‘Dayak’ means man, while many others claim that the word means inland. That the Iban people use the term Dayak with the human meaning, while the Tunjung and Benuaq people interpret it as a river upstream.
There are many Dayak tribes in Kalimantan, some of which divide the Dayaks into six clumps, namely clumps of Klemantan alias Kalimantan, Iban clumps, Apokayan clumps of Dayak Kayan, Kenyah and Bahau, Murut clumps, Ot Danum-Ngaju clumps and Punan clumps.
The most tribe is the Dayak Kenyah tribe who have accessories as their body jewelry . Generally Dayak tribe has jewelry in the form of beads made of natural stone.
Formerly these stones were formed by hand and without the aid of the machine, so the color is dull when compared with the modern factory-made beads. In addition, there are also differences in weight on the rocks and the beads. If you want to prove that the beads are original from the Dayak tribe or not, then it should be tested by burning it.
Generally, Dayak people, especially Dayak men do not know other stone accessories other than beaded jewelry. Commonly used accessories are those from their hunting animals, such as canines and bear teeth, pig fangs. If in Papua fangs pigs made into jewelry inserted in the nose, the Dayak tribe, the fangs are made into the “fruit” of their necklaces.
In addition, the unique characteristics of other Dayak tribes are tattoos, where tattoos for Dayak people have a very deep meaning. Tattoos for the Dayak ethnic community are part of the tradition, religion, social status of a person in society, and can also be a form of tribal appreciation of one’s ability. Therefore, tattoos can not be made carelessly.
Therefore, the more tattoos, the “torch” will get brighter and the road to the realm of the more spaciousness. Nevertheless, tattoo making can not be made as much as possible indiscriminately, because it must comply with custom rules.
Both tattoos on men or women, traditionally made using long orange spines. Along with the development of the era then use several pieces of needles at once. What does not change is the material of tattooing that usually uses soot from a black pot.
To see the Dayak tribe we can see easily in Pampang Cultural Village in Samarinda and Capgomeh Cultural Festival in Singkawang. If you want to see live Dayak tribe can take 2-3 days trip down river in Kalimantan. Today there are many Dayak tribes who mingle with the community. May their indigenous culture stay awake.